Russian Former Soviet Union

New PDF release: A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries)

By Alistair Jones

ISBN-10: 0748625755

ISBN-13: 9780748625758

ISBN-10: 0748625763

ISBN-13: 9780748625765

ISBN-10: 0748631186

ISBN-13: 9780748631186

This A-Z advisor explains the most important thoughts and associations associated with the eu Union, in addition to short biographies of the major figures concerning the root and improvement of the european. this may let scholars to hyperlink a few of the theoretical innovations with the folk who brought them. The ebook turns out to be useful in discerning among the British and ecu Parliaments -- scholars frequently confuse the various strategies of the european with these of the British executive, and the definitions during this thesaurus will display that the our bodies have differing roles to play in lots of features in their life.

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Extra info for A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries)

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One of the problems in drafting the EU constitution was that there was likely to be much opposition to whatever was proposed. For example, Giscard d’Estaing had to decide whether the constitution would be secular or religious. If it were to be the latter, would it be Christian or encompass all faiths? A Christian-based constitution would make it very difficult for Turkey to join the EU. In the end, the decision was taken to make the constitution secular. Part of the proposed constitution included the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

Thus there are concepts such as ‘polluter pays’ and severe penalties for over-fishing, illegal fishing and discards (fish and molluscs which have been caught but thrown back). The inspection processes for the Common Fisheries Policy have also been improved. 20 THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z Table C2 Policy areas of the Common Fisheries Policy Access and conservation • • • • EU 200-mile zone for all EU fishermen 12-mile limit on own shores for member states All conservation levels to be agreed at the EU level National quotas established to protect fish stocks – these are known as Total Allowable Catches (TACs) Market management This covers: • Price system • Marketing arrangements • External trade policy Structural measures Funding is available from the EU budget for: • Processing and marketing development projects • Conversion and modernisation schemes • Redeployment External negotiations • Negotiations with non-EU states on fishing, and in particular on access to EU waters Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) The CFSP forms the second pillar of the European Union (EU).

Co-ordination of macro-economic policy across all member states. democratic deficit This is a difficult term to explain, although at a basic level it suggests a lack of democracy. This could be because there is little or no electoral accountability, or a lack of transparency in the decision-making process – which again suggests a lack of accountability to the people. Only one institution within the European Union is directly accountable to the people. This is the European Parliament, which is held to account every five years in direct elections.

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A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries) by Alistair Jones

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