By Epps, Patience
This paintings is a reference grammar of Hup, a member of the Nadahup relations (also referred to as MakÃº or VaupÃ©s-Japura), that is spoken within the fascinatingly multilingual VaupÃ©s sector of the northwest Amazon. This specified description and research is expert through a functional-typological point of view, with specific connection with areal touch and grammaticalization. The grammar starts with an advent to the cultural and linguistic history of Hup audio system, provides an outline of the phonology, and follows this with chapters on morphosyntax (nominal morphology, verbs and verb compounding, stressful, element, modality, evidentiality, etc.); it concludes with discussions of negation, the easy clause, and clause combining. a few positive factors of Hup grammar are typologically major, akin to its technique of inversion in query formation, its method of Differential item Marking, and its remedy of ownership. Hup additionally shows numerous hugely strange paths of grammaticalization, comparable to the improvement of a verbal destiny suffix from the noun stick, tree. The e-book additionally features a number of texts and a CD-ROM with audio records.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Hup
However, Hupd’h from the Central and Eastern regions tended to describe the Western dialect as “a different language” and “hard to understand”, and occasionally say that its speakers “do not know how to speak”. A visitor from Umari Norte to the Central region in 2002 was reported to have spoken only Tukano with the other Hupd’h, presumably because he was sensitive about his language’s differences, and felt disconcerted by not being able to communicate normally (there is no doubt that this speaker routinely speaks Hup at home in his own village; I had interacted with him there a few months previously).
They arrive face to face with another person, usually brandishing a cuia (gourd dipper) full of beer, and improvise a text according to a semi-stylized pattern, set to a high-pitched melody (see Appendix I for examples of song texts). They typically sing about their personal status in the community, and their relationship with and thoughts about the person to whom they are singing. This person likewise frequently responds in song, and sometimes the two carry on an animated, sung conversation for some time – the drunker they are, the longer it tends to go on.
6 below. 17 This association is usually not considered to be particularly binding – at least not on the part of the Hupd’h. It appears to be somewhat less common today than it was in the past, but this is not entirely clear. Vaupés multilingualism and language contact 25 While this socioeconomic interaction is essentially ‘symbiotic’, it is marked by a profound social inequality (which is probably what led early visitors to characterize it as enslavement). The River Indians treat the Hupd’h and other Nadahup peoples as inferior, and hold them in considerable contempt.
A Grammar of Hup by Epps, Patience