By Stephen Colvin
A historic Greek Reader presents an advent to the background of the traditional Greek language by way of a sequence of texts with linguistic statement, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a variety of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the newest textual content dates to the second one century AD), and incorporates a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a few famous inscriptions with contemporary discoveries that will not be simply on hand in different places; a range of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The booklet finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic history of koinГ© Greek. The statement assumes no past wisdom of Greek ancient linguistics, yet offers a simple quantity of up to date bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at higher intensity the place invaluable.
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Additional resources for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
Emphatic velar); and the voiceless fricative (sibilant) written either Σ (sigma) or, in a few cities, Μ (san). Greek Η (aspirate or long e) derives from Phoen. / /, emphatic h. 3. Letters with reassignment of value include the Greek vowel signs: Α (Phoen. /ʔ/, glottal stop), Ε (Phoen. /h/, aspirate), Ο (Phoen. / /, pharyngeal). (a) The Greek vowels Ι, Υ were written with the signs for the corresponding semi-vowels (glides) in Phoenician: yod /y/ and waw /w/. 18 Introduction §18 (b) Both consonantal and vocalic Υ derive from Phoen.
Verbs There are relatively few verbal forms in the Mycenaean tablets, owing to their inventory format. §15 Introduction 15 1. Personal endings: 3 sing. , which has -τοι/-ντοι. Myc. -Cyp. has retained the inherited ending, while the other dialects have innovated (extending the a-vocalism from the 1st person). 2. Augment The augment is mostly absent in Mycenaean (one reasonably certain case: a-pe-do-ke, which is also found in the unaugmented form a-pudo-ke). 1 1 Bakker (1999), Duhoux (1987). § 1 5 .
1 Woodard (1997: 90). §28. Morphology/Syntax characteristic features of arcado-cypriot 1. -pass. 1). 2. Present inﬁn. ending (thematic): Myc. e-ke-e [ekehen] suggests that Arc. -εν is the result of common development with neighbouring 34 Introduction §28 WGk. g. Argolic). Cyp. 9. 3. 1). 4. a-stem masc. gen. sing. 2): cf. Myc. gen. sing. su-qo-ta-o, ‘swineherd’ (Hom. συβ τη ). In Arc. this was extended to fem. stems: ζαµ αυ 7 21. 5. -loc. rather than a gen. ). This loss of ability to govern a genitive is probably the result of a tendency to reduce the number of cases governed by three-case prepositions such as παρα´, which merged the gen.
A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine by Stephen Colvin