Antonia Ruppel's Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European PDF

By Antonia Ruppel

ISBN-10: 0521767628

ISBN-13: 9780521767620

Some time past, discussions approximately absolute structures (ACs) were constrained by means of an obscure knowing of what ACs are. by way of reading the character and serve as of ACs and similar buildings in Greek, Latin and Sanskrit, this new examine arrives at a transparent and easy definition of ACs. targeting the earliest attested fabric in every one language, Dr Ruppel highlights how using ACs differs among the languages and gives reasons for those adjustments. Referring without delay and generally to the early fabric, she identifies the typical center shared by means of all ACs and reconstructs their improvement into Greek, Latin and Sanskrit. This ancient standpoint finds how ACs were conceived of by way of grammarians, philologists or even Christian missionaries over the past thousand years and the way enduring misconceptions nonetheless impact our dialogue of them this day.

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One of the main questions in this reconstruction is whether ACs are inherited from PIE, the reconstructed proto-language that Latin, Greek and Sanskrit (among others) developed from, or whether they are the result of parallel, independent development within the single languages. When there are systematically parallel elements in several related languages, comparative philologists reconstruct these elements back to the parent language. ) To take a very simple example: the similarity between the words for ‘apple’ across Germanic languages (English apple, Dutch appel, Norwegian eple, Danish æble, German Apfel, and so on) is a result of the fact that all these languages inherited this word from the same source, a putative language simply referred to as ProtoGermanic.

31. g. a) for more detailed discussions of this. 139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:26 WEST 2013. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 prior research on ac s his expedition, had committed Mycenae and the government to Atreus (who had left his father on account of the death of Chrysippus), and when Eurystheus did not return, Atreus, when/because the Mycenaeans, who were influenced by fear of the Heraclids, wanted [this], . . assumed the sceptre of Mycenae and the rest of the dominions of Eurystheus’.

139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:49 WEST 2013. 3 This productivity of the GA is likely to have the following two causes. a). e. governed usage. The one other adverbial use of the Greek genitive – the temporal genitive – is in itself relatively infrequent and unproductive. ACs are adverbial expressions. Thus, the potential for overlap between absolute and other uses of this case and hence for ambiguity is comparatively small (see esp. b). This makes the GA a rather distinct phenomenon, with few apparent ties to any other case usage it may once have been linked to; therefore it develops without being restrained by those.

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Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European by Antonia Ruppel

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