By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics let for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics learn and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation deals technique simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort protection. complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental purposes offers a complete evaluation of membrane utilisation and integration inside of power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane approaches and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and fuel energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 stories membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gas, traditional fuel and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for replacement strength purposes and effort garage, resembling membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its individual editors and crew of professional members, complex membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers drawn to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluate of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane methods and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Extra resources for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
Photocatalytic bactericidal efﬁciency was remarkably higher for the hybrid TFC membrane under UV light illumination than that without illumination and the neat TFC membranes. Lee et al. (2008) also reported on a preparation of PA nanocomposite membrane containing TiO2 nanoparticles synthesized via in situ interfacial polymerization under various curing temperatures and curing times. The interfacial reaction occurred between the aqueous phase of MPDA and the organic phase of TMC in which TiO2 nanoparticles were homogeneously dispersed.
2009). , 2009). , 2009). Yu, Xu, et al. (2009) synthesized organiceinorganic PVDFeSiO2 composite hollow ﬁber ultraﬁltration membranes using a sol-gel and wet-spinning process. The microstructure, mechanical property, thermal stability, hydrophilicity, permeability, and fouling resistance of composite membranes improved signiﬁcantly by an appropriate choice of TEOS concentration (3 wt%). The phase inversion process was also used by researchers as a simple and applicable technique to prepare polymeresilica-mixed matrix membranes.
Thin-ﬁlm composite membranes using chitosanenanoclay (Closite 15A and 30B) coated onto the PVDF microﬁltration membrane was fabricated by Daraei et al. (2013). Insertion of organoclays with various percentages into the chitosan made it more efﬁcient for fabricating TFC membranes with the valuable ability to remove dye (methylene blue and acid orange 7) from efﬂuents. 3 Silver nanoparticles Compared with other nanoparticles, silver (Ag) is one of the ﬁrst nanomaterials that gained attention for fabricating composite membranes.
Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications by Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi