By Karen Barkey, Mark Von Hagen
The Soviet Union was once rarely the 1st huge, non-stop, land-based, multinational empire to break down nowa days. The USSR itself was once, mockingly, the direct results of one such dying, that of imperial Russia, which in flip used to be yet among the different such empires that didn't live to tell the tale the stresses of the days: the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire.This formidable and demanding quantity brings jointly a bunch of a few of the main striking students in political technological know-how, heritage, and historic sociology to ascertain the factors of imperial decline and cave in. whereas they warn opposed to facile comparisons, in addition they urge us to step again from the immediacy of present occasions to contemplate the prospective importance of old precedents.Is imperial decline inevitable, or can one of those imperial stasis be maintained indefinitely? What position, if any, does the expansion of bureaucracies had to run huge and intricate political platforms of this sort play in financial and political stagnation? what's the “balance of strength” among the heart and the peripheries, among the dominant nationality and minorities? What coping mechanisms do empires are likely to enhance and what effect do those have? Is modernization the inexorable resource of imperial decline and supreme cave in? And what assets, together with the imperial legacy, can be found for political, social, and fiscal reconstruction within the aftermath of cave in? those are only a number of the tantalizing questions addressed via the members to this interesting and well timed quantity.
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Additional info for After Empire: Multiethnic Societies and Nation-Building: The Soviet Union and the Russian, Ottoman and Habsburg Empires
The cLissie st"tCI11l'llt of this \,iew is Karl \V. DClltsch. '11I ,1I,d SQcia! : ;\lIT Press, 1%6). :-24. R. I>. ',~ ill }\'"li&II"li],1II no. 2 (Fall 1':181): 229-2-17. 25. unhridgc: CUllhridge Ullil't:rsi~' Press, 1')81); Dougbss North "nt! ':X Sa(;,'~i,',' (C'IIllhridl,(e: Carnhridl,(c l rni\'crsit~· Press, 1':1':10). 26. Ernest Gcllncr,l\'tltioll\ IIl1d ;\'lIlioll,1I;' 1II (IthaCl: Cornell Ulli\'L'rsin' Press, 1')87). ,,"d @ 4 THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE CAGLAR KEYDER Accoullts of the decline and bll of the Ottoman Empire vie on an ideological b,lttldield, with political commitments largely determining the reasons one offers t"()r the collapse.
Tbility held greater promise filr the integrity of the empire, at least in the short term. There is no indication that the liberals were aware of the contemporaneous discussion in Austria-Hungary revolving around the alternatives of "atomized" versus "organic" citizenship. Ul \Trsion of organic citizenship. ttive," connoting anti-statism. and economic and political liberalism. II agreements with the Greek constitutionalists ,md Armenian Hunchaks based on the defense. tl recognition of the equivalence of confessiona~ schools.
I start with the observation th,lt, by ,md large, the same bctors that cm bring empire i1lto existence can also end it. \Vhile seemingly banal, this propositioll does ha\'l~ one important implication. ' cbillling, finally and conclllsi\'ely, that empire " is no longer possible. " pursucd policies-such as assimilation, resettlement, ,lilli gcnocide-aimed ,Lt cnding the core-periphery distinction. That contemporary elites h,\\'e bccn especially prone to act in this .. manner may Illcan that empirc is an indllcicnt organizational system,> and that 1"nodern administration proceeds Illore slIloothly if popuLLtions speak thc same language and if local elites lose their collective charader and ,Ire absorbed into '.
After Empire: Multiethnic Societies and Nation-Building: The Soviet Union and the Russian, Ottoman and Habsburg Empires by Karen Barkey, Mark Von Hagen