Social Issues

New PDF release: Alcohol Education and Young Offenders: Medium and Short Term

By Steve Baldwin

ISBN-10: 0387975071

ISBN-13: 9780387975078

ISBN-10: 1461231302

ISBN-13: 9781461231301

ISBN-10: 3540975071

ISBN-13: 9783540975076

Since the institution of the 1st alcohol schooling path (ABC) for younger offenders in 1981, this fono of carrier supply has been multiplied around the uk. whereas a few before-and-after facts were suggested, no con­ trolled reviews were accomplished on effectiveness with this sort of inter­ vention. the current examine experiences a chain of evaluate reviews to enquire the influence of ABCs on offending and ingesting habit. younger offenders have been recruited from neighborhood courts. the 1st examine, accomplished in Dundee, pronounced effects from a comparative overview among kinds of ABCs. As an attention-placebo examine, one workforce got a behavioral ABC with software contents designed to minimize consuming and offending behaviors. a few based variable modifications among the 2 teams have been saw at follow-up. the second one examine used to be tested in Glasgow as a replication of the most learn. The 3rd examine used a quasi-experimental layout to set up a no-intervention regulate workforce within the Perth courts. younger offenders have been recruited to accomplish screening interviews, with none intervention. The intervention workforce used to be re­ cruited from courts in Forfar, the same rural city. This staff accomplished an infonoation-based ABC, utilizing academic fabrics approximately alcohol and its results. a few based variable transformations have been saw at follow-up. The fourth learn was once dependent in a tender criminal establishment at Forfar. Prerelease younger offenders have been randomly assigned to both a no-intervention keep watch over team or a behavioral ABC staff. a few based variable modifications have been said at follow-up.

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Extra info for Alcohol Education and Young Offenders: Medium and Short Term Effectiveness of Education Programs

Example text

Or 3. " or, that more than half of all previous offenses were committed while intoxicated. Candidates who answered affirmatively and agreed to work on their drinking were recommended for a probation order of 12 months to attend an AEC. Ethical Considerations The use of interventions with detained (or incarcerated) offenders has raised the question of ethical problems, and possible conflicts of interest between research! clinical needs and the needs of offender/clients. Strong arguments have been generated against compulsory interventions with offender/client populations (Newman, 1971; Room, 1980; Szasz, 1963).

The average AEC length was nine hours, distributed over six sessions. " Examination of AEC contents suggested that all AECs included group discussions and drink diaries and that 95% included health education materials. " Forty-seven (85%) agencies were committed to minimal follow-up of clients and examined drinking and/or offending behaviors. Four agencies were involved in a controlled evaluation (the Scottish Alcohol/Offending Evaluation Project); one other agency collected comprehensive follow-up data but did not collect pretest data, or use an experimental design with control group.

Or, that more than half of all previous offenses were committed while intoxicated. Candidates who answered affirmatively and agreed to work on their drinking were recommended for a probation order of 12 months to attend an AEC. Ethical Considerations The use of interventions with detained (or incarcerated) offenders has raised the question of ethical problems, and possible conflicts of interest between research! clinical needs and the needs of offender/clients. Strong arguments have been generated against compulsory interventions with offender/client populations (Newman, 1971; Room, 1980; Szasz, 1963).

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Alcohol Education and Young Offenders: Medium and Short Term Effectiveness of Education Programs by Steve Baldwin


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