By Franklin E. Zimring
Long ago decade, alarming experiences of teenybopper violence have seemed with expanding frequency within the information media. Legislators around the usa have replied to this feeling of nationwide emergency via altering some of the legislation designed to deal with juvenile offenders. yet are we actually in the middle of a surge in formative years violence? extra to the purpose, what factors formative years violence and what may still we do approximately it? Franklin Zimring deals the definitive exam of adolescent violence within the usa either as a social phenomenon and a coverage challenge. This publication covers the diversity of teen violence concerns within the Nineties, from crime data to demographic projections to new laws. the result's a radical debunking of Congressional predictions of "a coming hurricane of teen violence" and the half-baked coverage proposals that accompany such warnings. The e-book units forth entire and dispassionate analyses of 3 key parts of youngster violence coverage: adolescent firearms ownership and use, criteria for move from juvenile to legal court docket jurisdiction, and felony sanctions for youngsters who kill. in the course of the publication, the middle problems with formative years violence within the Nineteen Nineties are tested with an exceptional measure of analytic rigor. Zimring additionally bargains a suitable set of responses to formative years violence which are in step with a good destiny for the juvenile court docket and for America's youngsters. well timed and authoritative, American early life Violence supplies scholars, students, and coverage makers a much-needed device with which to style a positive reaction to 1 of the nation's most annoying social ills.
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Extra resources for American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
If so, why was there no increase in homicides by other means? From a policy and planning perspective, sorting out the meaning of the expansion in aggravated assault arrests is quite important. If only homicides have increased, the number of cases is quite small. A 20 percent increase in aggravated assaults for gun assault cases is still less than a quarter of the total case increase that occurs if the true rate of youth assault doubled to a peak and fell back only 22 percent from that peak. So if the growth in aggravated assault arrests reflects the magnitude of the true growth in the volume of serious adolescent violence, the problem is much broader than an analysis of the homicide statistics would suggest.
There have been indications for some time that observers should be cautious in taking evidence about trends in youth violence from fluctuations in aggravated assault arrest levels. Twenty years ago, I was tempted to label a section on trends in police arrests for this A YOUTH VIOLENCE EPIDEMIC 39 offense "the aggravations of aggravated assault" because increases in arrest rates for this offense did not always occur when homicide rates were increasing (Zimring 1979). How assaults are counted and classified is essentially a matter of police discretion.
The largest movements over time are noted for homicide, for which the arrest rate first dropped by just under 40 percent in the early 1980s and then began a sustained climb after 1984. The peak rate in 1993 was more than double the 1980 level. Then homicide arrests dropped sharply; the 1996 rate was 34 percent above that in 1980. The arrest level for aggravated assault did A YOUTH VIOLENCE EPIDEMIC 33 not drop much in the early 1980s and then increased slowly from 1985 to 1988. Large one-year jumps in 1989 and again in 1992 raised the level to nearly double the 1980 rate.
American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Franklin E. Zimring