By R. Allen Brown
&AEthelwine, Pre-Conquest Sheriff; Alliances of Ellfgar of Mercia; fort reports due to the fact 1850; Charles the Bald's Fortified Bridges; Clares and the Crown; Coastal Salt construction; Hydrographic and send Hydrodynamic features of the Invasion; Leland and Historians; clergymen on the earth: Gundulf of Rochester; acquiring Benefices in 12c E. Anglia; St Pancras Priory, Lewes; Slavery; Wace and battle.
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Additional info for Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988
As I have already pointed out he is interested in the arms and armour of footmen, which has tactical implications. For example, there are the 'Haches, darz, gavetocs, gisarmes' of Arthur's infantry (B 11,140). These are similar to the 'English arms' which Harold describes at Hastings, when encouraging his men: 'e vos avez haches a p e s 'and you have sharp axes, e granz gisarmes esmolues; and large, glittering halberds; contre vos armes, qui bien taillent, against your arms, which cut so well, they will hardly avail;' ne qui que les lor gaires vailfent;' (Wace I11 7,771-4) Wace makes the point that 'the English did not know how to joust, nor to carry arms on horseback' (Wace I11 8,603-4) - something which clearly counted against them at Hastings.
RIII 1,459-69) near to the river called the Avre he had a hall built and fortified. Much was done here, much work of palisading, and ditching of masonry and mortar until there was a strong castle invulnerable to all kinds of stonethrowers, constructed there with the name of TiIliires. lSThis is part of the offensive use of the castle, which is best represented by Duke William's Gegenburg at Arques: and Brenne prevents a battle between them into a real purple passage, which seems to express a genuine horror of civil war (B 2,712-830).
Often it was necessary t o distribute these, to those who could not afford to wait. Wace celebrates the great booty following Richard I's defeat of the Germans at Rouen (Wace I1 3,291-9; 3,357-62). Horses and equipment are the immediate prizes; their masters languish in prison awaiting ransom. This gleeful passage following Mortemer sums up the poet's attitude: N'i out gaires si vil garwn que n'en menast Franceis prison e bes destriers, ou dous ou treis, There was hardly a boy, no matter how lowly, who did not lead a Frenchman to prison, with a fine warhorse, or two, o r three, ~ t u d edescriptive sur le vocabulaire de Wace, Deutsche Akadamie der Wissenschaften m Berlin, Veroffentlichungen des Instituts fur Romanische Sprachwissenschaft Nr.
Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988 by R. Allen Brown