By Keikhosro Karimi (eds.)
This quantity offers the technical info required for the creation of biofuels and chemical substances from lignocellulosic biomass. It begins with a short assessment of the significance, purposes, and construction approaches of alternative lignocellulosic items. additional chapters assessment the views of waste-based biofuels and biochemicals; the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel creation; cellulolytic enzyme platforms for the hydrolysis of lignocelluloses; and easy and utilized features of the construction of bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and biobutanol from lignocelluloses.
This ebook is usually recommended for researchers and engineers and especially scholars taking biofuel classes at graduate level.
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Additional resources for Lignocellulose-Based Bioproducts
Int J Hydrogen Energy 36(21):13955–13963 López MJ, Vargas-Garcı́a MC, Suarez-Estrella F, Moreno J (2004) Properties of xanthan obtained from agricultural wastes acid hydrolysates. J Food Eng 63(1):111–115 Lora J (2008) Industrial commercial lignins: sources, properties and applications (Chapter 10). Elsevier Ltd, Amsterdam, pp 225–241 Ma L, Wang T, Liu Q, Zhang X, Ma W, Zhang Q (2012) A review of thermal–chemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass in China. Biotechnol Adv 30(4):859–873 Majewicz TG, Podlas TJ (2000) Cellulose ethers.
2013). There are two major methods of bio/thermopath for converting biomass to second-generation biofuels (Fig. 1). In thermopath, the biomass gets heated, and depending on the temperature range, ﬁnally three different products are obtained. Torrefaction (250–350 °C/anaerobic), pyrolysis (550–750 °C/anaerobic), and gasiﬁcation (750–1,200 °C/limited oxygen) are different processes, applied in this path leading to the production of solid (biochar), liquid (bio-oil), and gaseous (syngas) Lignocellulosic Biomass Bio-path Thermo-path Torrefaction (250-350 ) Pyrolysis (550-750 ) Gasification (750-1200 ) Extraction Hydrolysis Biochar Bio-oil Syngas Trans esterification Fermentation Pretreatment Fisher-Tropsch Synthesis Liquid Fuels Synthetic Fuels Biodiesel Bioethanol/ Biobutanol Heat/ Electricity Catalytic Conversion Fig.
2 Which Waste? Which Biofuels? Wastes, residues, and co-products are new and widely available alternatives for biofuel production, while municipal solid wastes, used cooking oil, industrial wastes, and sewage sludge are examples of wastes that can be used for secondgeneration biofuel production. These new sources can be used for the production of biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biobutanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and a number of biochemicals such as citric acid, xanthan, lactic acid, and acetic acid.
Lignocellulose-Based Bioproducts by Keikhosro Karimi (eds.)