By Niall Sharples
During this totally illustrated learn, Niall Sharples research the complicated social relationships of the Wessex zone of southern England within the first millennium BC. He considers the character of the panorama and demeanour of its association, the tools that deliver humans jointly into huge groups, the position of the person, and the way the quarter pertains to different areas of england and Europe. those thematic matters disguise a close research of the importance of hillforts, the advance of coinage and different trade approaches, the nature of homes, and the character of burial practices. Sharples deals a thrilling new photo of a interval and a area which has massive value for British archaeology, and he additionally offers all archaeologists attracted to prehistory with a version of the way later prehistoric society might be interpreted.
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During this totally illustrated examine, Niall Sharples learn the complicated social relationships of the Wessex area of southern England within the first millennium BC. He considers the character of the panorama and demeanour of its association, the tools that carry humans jointly into huge groups, the function of the person, and the way the zone pertains to different areas of england and Europe.
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Additional info for Social Relations in Later Prehistory: Wessex in the First Millennium BC
The date of the internal settlement is unknown but an external settlement dates to the Late Iron Age (Wainwright et al. 1971; Stone et al. 1954). The original interpretation of the material outside the enclosure was that it was unexceptional and simply represented normal settlement activity occurring next to a monument which had lost any religious signiWcance that it had in the Late Neolithic. The diVerence between the sanctity of Avebury and Stonehenge and the apparently prosaic use of the henges at Durrington Walls and Mount Pleasant, and the causewayed enclosures, may be because the former had a substantial number of upright sarsens whereas the latter appear as earthworks, a variation in the topography of the land, rather than an intrusion upon it.
E. Corney 1989: Wg. 6; Barrett, Bradley, and Green 1991: Wg. 3). This is despite the fact that the long barrows are the most substantial feature of the earthwork complex in the Iron Age. 11 The Dorset Cursus runs through the complex on Gussage Hill but it has only a minor eVect on the layout of the settlement complex. The banjos and enclosures probably represent restructuring of the landscape in the Middle to Late Iron Age. It is clear that the cursus played a more important role in the Wrst half of the Wrst millennium; the west end of the cursus was continued by a triple linear of presumed later prehistoric date and the early Weld systems are also laid out in alignment with the cursus.
This commenced in the Beaker period and continued until the Early Iron Age and coincides with extensive forest clearance and cultivation of the surrounding downlands. In the later Bronze Age the edge of the valley was dry enough to allow for the deposition of isolated burials and the creation of a sarsendeWned Weld system. However, settlement activity was restricted to a burnt mound: a monument type closely associated with wet places. There was no The Landscape Context 23 evidence for Iron Age activity in the valley bottom (Evans, J.
Social Relations in Later Prehistory: Wessex in the First Millennium BC by Niall Sharples